On the other hand, terms such as "Painted Ladies" or "gingerbread" may be used to describe certain Victorian buildings, but do not constitute a specific style. [citation needed] Cabbagetown is the largest and most continuous Victorian residential area in North America. The architecture was often a mixture of styles in timber cut from local forests and stone hewn from local rocks. But paint effects such as faux marbling, stencilling, and stippling were most popular. In Scotland, the architect Alexander Thomson who practiced in Glasgow was a pioneer of the use of cast iron and steel for commercial buildings, blending neo-classical conventionality with Egyptian and Oriental themes to produce many truly original structures. Designed by Alfred Waterhouse, The Victorian Pavilion at The Oval cricket ground in London, Victorian School of Art and Science at Stroud, Gloucestershire, House on the Hardwick House estate near Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, The Aston Webb building at the University of Birmingham, UK, The Gilbert Scott Building of the University of Glasgow, as viewed from Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow. Victorian-era architecture spanned more than 60 years and it encompasses a jumble of overlapping styles that include early Gothic Revival, Folk Victorian, Greek Revival, Italianate, Second Empire, Stick, Romanesque Revival, Shingle, Colonial Revival, and the popular … Galle Face Hotel and the During the industrial revolution, many homes were built in the Victorian style as part of the housing boom. A variety of Victorian styles emerged: Gothic Revival, Italianate, Second Empire, Queen Anne, Stick Style, and many others. Normally, they applied architectural styles that were fashionable when they left England. The significance for specially designed industrial structures came to the forefront during the era of Industrial Revolution. The Victorian Era (mid to late 19th Century) saw a return of many architectural styles including Gothic Revival, Tudor and Romanesque as well as influences from Asia and the Middle East. From the 1830s, Gothic emerged as the greatest challenge to the dominance of Classical styles. While Scottish architects pioneered this style it soon spread right across the United Kingdom and remained popular for another forty years. The styles often included interpretations and eclectic revivals of historic styles. When we think of Victorian architecture, we think of eclectic nostalgia – an array of different styles which drew inspiration from the past, including the Renaissance Revival, Queen Anne Revival, Arts and Crafts, Gothic Revival, Italianate and Neoclassicism. Some terms associated wit… 1890), Folk Victorian (1870-1910), Queen Anne (1880–1910), Richardsonian Romanesque (1880–1900), and Shingle (1880–1900). They all look similar, but have varying elements depending on the subcategory. Thus, the influence of English architecture spread across the world. The Victorian erarepresents a broad period of time spanning the years between 1837 and 1901. This type is mostly preferred for expensive houses since it creates an overall impression of majestic presence. [2], Palace of Westminster, Neo-Gothic completed in 1870. Victorian architecture refers to the style of revived architecture; most of the styles of these buildings have predominantly been revived from the late 19th century also known as the Victorian age. By the latter half of the century, however, improving transport and communications meant that even remote parts of the Empire had access to publications such as the magazine The Builder, which helped colonial architects keep informed about current fashion. In the United States, 'Victorian' architecture generally describes styles that were most popular between 1860 and 1900. In the United States of America, notable cities which developed or were rebuilt largely during this era include Alameda, Astoria, Albany, Deal, Troy, Philadelphia, Boston, the Brooklyn Heights and Victorian Flatbush sections of New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, Chicago, Columbus, Detroit, Eureka, Galena, Galveston, Grand Rapids, Baltimore, Jersey City/Hoboken, Cape May, Louisville, Cincinnati, Atlanta, Milwaukee, New Orleans, Pittsburgh, Richmond, Saint Paul, and Midtown in Sacramento. 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