In this paper, we show that the late positive potential (LPP), an electrocortical marker of emotional arousal in response to arousing stimuli, is modulated by one's facial expressions. Health Attitudes & Influence Lab. We used large cross-cultural surveys and showed that conscientiousness predicts better biological health among Americans. Welcome to the Michigan Neurogenetics and Developmental Psychopathology Lab! Researchers say talking to yourself, out loud, is more common than many of us might care to admit. I am hoping to explore differences in how people use these strategies across cultures. It is widely assumed that recurrent daily experiences of negative affect are unhealthy. Participants enrolled in Psych 111, 112, 114, 115 cannot be an RA with access to Subject Pool. Arabs represent a pan-ethnic, cultural group of 400M people in 22 countries, spanning from North Africa to Western Asia. COURSE CHARTS. ntronson@umich.edu 4032 East Hall 734.936.1495 Psychology ; Biopsychology ; GFP Faculty Affiliate Department of Psychology Introductory Psychology Subject Pool- Open to UM Intro Psych Students Paid Psychology Subject Pool. Email, My research interests revolve around the sense of self across time, namely autobiographical memory Moreover, conscientiousness predicted a tendency to carry out social obligations faithfully. Our findings suggest that COVID-19 may spread faster in societies that facilitate broader social contact with others than those that don't. (in press). We have used a wide array of methods including behavioral and neural measures as well as genetic and epigenetic indicators. COURSE GUIDE. and future thinking, in-cultural contexts. We showed that a neural marker of norm violation detection (N400) increases when those who believe their societal norms to be tight (vs. loose) are induced to be relationally oriented. We will have a lot to report in due course. Only East Asians high in interdependence were able to suppress their emotional arousal, while no effect of interdependence was observed for European-Americans. Our paper, however, presents the first evidence that culture can shape the morphometric property of the human brain. Polk, T.A. Noohi F, Kinnaird C, De Dios YE, Kofman IS, Wood S, Bloomberg J, Mulavara A, Sienko KH, Polk TA, & Seidler RD (2020). The Department keeps a list of those who are interested in participating in research for pay. This is the first demonstration that interdependent self-construal is critical for the efficacy of suppression as an emotional regulation technique for East Asians, but not for European-Americans. RM is the community's tendency to engage with strangers and freely choose friends. Kristi Chin has received a 3-year Doctoral Scholarship from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) of Canada! Our website address is: https://graduation2020.psych.lsa.umich.edu/psych. Email, My research interests revolve around culture and group dynamics. Consistent with this theorizing, we found that after being primed with a threat (vs. control), people showed enhanced vigilance and detection of norm violations. This latter tendency, in turn, predicted impaired biological health. Previous work found negligible correlations among the tasks measuring social orientation and cognitive style in spite of reliable cultural differences in the same tasks. This is an important step in the study of different varieties of interdependence around the globe. Read more here.. DR. POLK WILL NOT BE TAKING A NEW PHD STUDENT FOR THE FALL 2021 COHORT. Evidence linking obesity and substance use disorders continues to grow, which has led to increased interest in the role of an addictive process in problematic eating behavior. E-Mail: subject.pool@umich.edu Phone: (734) 764-2580. We also present preliminary evidence that as a function of time the East Asians have stayed in the U.S., their brain becomes "Americanized" (i.e., increased OFC GM volume), but only if they are the carriers. What personal data we collect and why we collect it Comments. This work is yet another demonstration that what appears to be a pan-cultural relationship between personality and health is contingent on socio-cultural context. The curriculum in psychology is intended to enhance one's understanding of behavioral science and of oneself and others in terms of concepts developed by study. Psychologists call it “self talk” and say how we do it makes a big difference in both our mood and how we think about ourselves. Edited by Dov Cohen and Shinobu Kitayama, this edition is now completely revised and over 90% new! Methodologically, the study calls for novel ways to access measurement equivalence. Specifically, I am interested in the mechanisms underlying cultural variations in cognition and the ways individuals organize themselves within groups. The temporoparietal junction (TPJ) is a region of the brain that is involved uniquely in perspective-taking. Undergraduate courses in psychology give students an opportunity to learn what research has shown about: Dr. Shelly Schreier delivered her "last lecture" to a packed Rackham Auditorium on April 4, 2013. Specifically, I am interested in how culture influences the brain in social perception, perspective-taking, and moral reasoning. The public health implications of the current study may deserve a careful assessment in the future. Psych Dept Transfer Credit Guidelines LSA Transfer Information & Residency Policy. New NSF funded project! Other LSA Scholarships Financial Aid and Scholarships (CGIS) International Center (External Funding) International Center (UM Funding) MCompass Funding Search Gilman International Scholarship Wallenberg International Summer Travel Award Mary Sue & Kenneth Coleman Global … Lab Director. We use basic and applied methodologies to pursue a variety of interests relevant to attitudes and persuasion, with applications to health and health disparities. Therefore, virtually nothing is known about how Arab people may be characterized by more implicit psychological tendencies and compare with (independent) Westerners and (interdependent) East Asians. In contrast, this relationship was negligible among Japanese. Despite their numerous contributions to arts and science, and their key role in global business and politics, Arabs are relatively neglected in extant social and cultural psychological literature. Most of my work centers around a common psychological process: People hold lay beliefs about the world that guide their expectations for novel experiences; these belief-informed expectations in turn guide perceptions, emotions, motivations and behavior. Additionally, I am interested in how genetics interacts with cultural dynamics at both behavioral and neural level. Smiling expression produces an opposite, albeit weaker effect. Click here to read on news.umich.edu. Although the finding may suggest that individuals differences in social orientation and cognitive style are noisy and random, our work shows that one's profile across these tasks are stable. izzyg@umich.edu. Our students represent almost 20% of LSA graduates. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. The observation suggests that people selectively use cultural resources, particularly cultural tasks, to weave their identity in an idiographic fashion. We further showed that cross-cultural variability in the magnitude of CB can be predicted by various factors, such as perceived persuasiveness of essays, which suggests the need to take these factors into consideration when comparing the magnitude of CB across cultures. This kind of conceptualization could explain both reliable cultural differences at the group level and negligible correlations at the individual level. A recent press release from the University of Michigan’s Research News team featured our new paper, first-authored by graduate student Martha Berg. This shows how both tightness and interdependence dynamically interact to increase sensitivity to norms. Here, we measured independent vs. interdependent self-construal and found that this moderated the ability to suppress emotions (as measured by the LPP) in East Asians but not European-Americans. We recognize undergraduate students who have received departmental awards as well … Dr. Shelly Schreier Nominated by Psychology Students for Golden Apple Award Dr. Shelly Schreier delivered her "last lecture" to a packed Rackham Auditorium on April 4, 2013. The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS; Gearhardt, Corbin, & Brownell, 2009) is the first measure designed specifically to assess signs of addictive-like eating behavior. The coherence at the cultural level goes like this, "individualists are non-holistic." Britney Wardecker has accepted a position as an Assistant Professor the … You can call Wendy at 734.615.9465 or email wpeebles@umich.edu. Cummings, J. R., Joyner, M. A., & Gearhardt, A. N. (2020). According to the current literature of personality and health, the answer to this question is a resounding yes. We propose that Western cultural contexts uphold a "youthful" ideal of active, positive independence. The facial feedback hypothesis states that facial actions can causally influence emotional experience. Check out the labs of other U-M faculty in the Cognition and Cognitive Neuroscience … Join. We then confirmed that the original finding does successfully replicate in ML2, with CB greater in magnitude in the U.S. than in Japan. Email, My research interest generally lies in judgment and decision making, culture, and emotion. All this is to show the existent evidence is robust and replicable. hcellis@umich.edu. Is conscientiousness (a personality trait composed of diligence, dutifulness, and organization) healthy? A Psychology degree, in conjunction with courses chosen from other disciplines, can prepare students for careers interacting with people of all ages and backgrounds in a wide range of fields. Ethan Kross is a Professor in the University of Michigan’s Psychology Department and Ross School of Business. 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